Health Topics

Safety issues

Safety
National Library of Medicine
Accident Prevention

You can't remove all the safety hazards from your life, but you can reduce them. To avoid many major hazards and prepare for emergencies

  • Keep emergency phone numbers by your telephones
  • Make a first aid kit for your home
  • Make a family emergency plan
  • Install and maintain smoke alarms and carbon monoxide detectors
  • Keep guns unloaded and locked up. Lock up the ammunition separately.
  • Follow the directions carefully when using tools or equipment

Young children are especially at risk. Supervision is the best way to keep them safe. Childproofing the house can also help.


Safety
Safety Issues
You can't remove all the safety hazards from your life, but you can reduce them. To avoid many major hazards and prepare for emergencies Keep emergency phone ...
Fire Safety
National Library of Medicine
Fire prevention

Preventing fires is an important part of fire safety. In the United States, cooking is the main cause of home fires. Cigarettes are a big risk too - they are the leading cause of fire deaths. Here are some fire prevention tips:

  • Don't leave the stove or oven unattended when they are on
  • Don't let children use kitchen appliances unsupervised
  • Don't smoke in bed
  • Make sure your electrical appliances and cords are in good condition

It is also important to be prepared in case there is a fire. Make sure that you have working smoke detectors on every floor and in every bedroom. You should also have fire extinguishers on every floor and in your kitchen. Make and practice an escape plan in case the main exit is blocked.


Fires
Safety
Safety Issues
Preventing fires is an important part of fire safety. In the United States, cooking is the main cause of home fires. Cigarettes are a big risk too - they are the ...
Child Safety
National Library of Medicine
Safety, Child

As parents, we want to keep our children safe from harm. Take steps to keep your children safe:

  • Install the right child safety seat in your car
  • Teach children how to cross the street safely
  • Make sure they wear the right gear and equipment for sports
  • Install and test smoke alarms
  • Store medicines, cleaners and other dangerous substances in locked cabinets
  • Babyproof your home
  • Don't leave small children unattended

Safety
Children and Teenagers
Safety Issues
As parents, we want to keep our children safe from harm. Take steps to keep your children safe: Install the right child safety seat in your car Teach children ...
Motor Vehicle Safety
National Library of Medicine
Automobile Safety
Car Safety
Car Seats
Driving
Traffic Accidents
Vehicle Safety

Every year thousands of people in the U.S. die from motor vehicle crashes. Trying to prevent these crashes is one part of motor vehicle safety. Here are some things you can do to be safer on the road:

  • Make sure your vehicle is safe and in working order
  • Use car seats for children
  • Wear your seat belt
  • Don't speed or drive aggressively
  • Don't drive impaired

Safety also involves being aware of others. Share the road with bicycles and motorcycles, and watch for pedestrians.


Safety
Accidents, Traffic
Automobile Driving
Safety Issues
Every year thousands of people in the U.S. die from motor vehicle crashes. Trying to prevent these crashes is one part of motor vehicle safety. Here are some ...
Farm Health and Safety
National Library of Medicine
Farmers

You might think of farms as peaceful settings. Actually, farming is one of the most dangerous jobs in the United States. Farms have many health and safety hazards, including

  • Chemicals and pesticides
  • Machinery, tools and equipment that can be dangerous
  • Hazardous areas, such as grain bins, silos and wells
  • Livestock that can spread diseases or cause injuries

Farming injuries are very common. Physical labor and accidents can cause injuries.

Most farm accidents involve machinery. Proper machine inspection and maintenance can help prevent accidents. Using safety gloves, goggles and other protective equipment can also reduce accidents.

Occupational Safety and Health Administration


Agricultural Workers' Diseases
Safety Issues
You might think of farms as peaceful settings. Actually, farming is one of the most dangerous jobs in the United States. Farms have many health and safety ...
Food Safety
National Library of Medicine

Safe steps in food handling, cooking, and storage can prevent foodborne illness. There are four basic steps to food safety at home:

  • Clean - always wash your fruits and vegetables, hands, counters, and cooking utensils.
  • Separate - keep raw foods to themselves. Germs can spread from one food to another.
  • Cook - foods need to get hot and stay hot. Heat kills germs.
  • Chill - put fresh food in the refrigerator right away.

In the grocery store, avoid cans that are bulging or jars that have cracks or loose lids. Check packages to be sure food hasn't reached its expiration date.

United States Department of Agriculture


Food Safety
Food and Nutrition
Poisoning, Toxicology, Environmental Health
Safety Issues
Safe steps in food handling, cooking, and storage can prevent foodborne illness. There are four basic steps to food safety at home: Clean - always wash your ...
Falls
National Library of Medicine
Accidents

Falls can be dangerous at any age. Babies and young children can get hurt falling off furniture or down the stairs. Older children may fall off playground equipment. For elderly people, falls can be especially serious. They are at higher risk of falling. They are also more likely to break a bone when they fall, especially if they have osteoporosis. A broken bone, especially when it is a hip, may even lead to disability and a loss of independence for the elderly.

Some common causes of falls include

  • Balance problems
  • Some medicines, which can make you feel dizzy, confused, or slow
  • Vision problems
  • Alcohol, which can affect your balance and reflexes
  • Muscle weakness, especially in your legs, which can make it harder for you to get up from a chair or keep your balance when walking on an uneven surface.
  • Certain illnesses, such as low blood pressure, diabetes, and neuropathy
  • Slow reflexes, which make it hard to keep your balance or move out of the way of a hazard
  • Tripping or slipping due to loss of footing or traction

At any age, people can make changes to lower their risk of falling. It important to take care of your health, including getting regular eye exams. Regular exercise may lower your risk of falls by strengthening your muscles, improving your balance, and keeping your bones strong. And you can look for ways to make your house safer. For example, you can get rid of tripping hazards and make sure that you have rails on the stairs and in the bath. To reduce the chances of breaking a bone if you do fall, make sure that you get enough calcium and vitamin D.

NIH: National Institute on Aging


Accidental Falls
Seniors
Safety Issues
Falls can be dangerous at any age. Babies and young children can get hurt falling off furniture or down the stairs. Older children may fall off playground ...
Gun Safety
National Library of Medicine
Firearms Safety

Many U.S. households have guns, but they can cause harm if not handled properly. Here are some things you can do to keep yourself and your family safe:

  • Teach children that they shouldn't touch guns and that if they see a gun, to leave it alone and tell an adult.
  • If your children play at another home, talk to the parents about gun safety.
  • Treat every gun as if it were loaded.
  • Always store guns unloaded.
  • Lock guns in a rack or safe, and hide the keys or combination.
  • Store ammunition away from guns and keep it locked.
  • Don't keep guns in your home if someone in your family has a mental illness, severe depression, or potential for violence.

Safety
Firearms
Safety Issues
Many U.S. households have guns, but they can cause harm if not handled properly. Here are some things you can do to keep yourself and your family safe: Teach ...
Sports Safety
National Library of Medicine
Bicycle Safety
Recreational Safety

Playing sports can be fun, but it can also be dangerous if you are not careful. You can help prevent injuries by

  • Getting a physical to make sure you are healthy before you start playing your sport
  • Wearing the right shoes, gear, and equipment
  • Drinking lots of water
  • Warming up and stretching

If you have already hurt yourself playing a sport, make sure you recover completely before you start up again. If possible, protect the injured part of your body with padding, a brace, or special equipment. When you do start playing again, start slowly.


Safety
Sports
Safety Issues
Fitness and Exercise
Playing sports can be fun, but it can also be dangerous if you are not careful. You can help prevent injuries by Getting a physical to make sure you are healthy ...
Barotrauma
National Library of Medicine

Barotrauma means injury to your body because of changes in barometric (air) or water pressure. One common type happens to your ear. A change in altitude may cause your ears to hurt. This can happen if you are flying in an airplane, driving in the mountains, or scuba diving. Divers can also get decompression sickness, which affects the whole body.

Common symptoms of ear barotrauma include

  • Pain
  • A feeling that your ears are stuffed
  • Hearing loss
  • Dizziness

Treatments for ear barotrauma include chewing gum and yawning to relieve the pressure. Medications such as decongestants may also help.


Barotrauma
Ear, Nose and Throat
Safety Issues
Barotrauma means injury to your body because of changes in barometric (air) or water pressure. One common type happens to your ear. A change in altitude may cause ...